Skin Care Jargon - Demystified!

Skin Care Jargon - Demystified!

Have you ever looked at the ingredient list of skin care products and skin care cosmetics that you buy and were confused by the indestructible terminology used? Just as it is important to consider the ingredients in your skin care products, it's important to know what the terms and the jargon are. Here's a handy list of common buzz words on the skin care market.


They are powerful nutrients that prevent free radicals from causing damage to the skin cells. Free radicals are actually unstable oxygen molecules that remove electrons from their surrounding molecules, causing a chain reaction and damaging the skin. Antioxidant-rich skin care products can improve skin quality.

Chemical sunscreen

Unlike conventional sunscreens (called physical sunscreens that block the sun's UV rays), chemical sunscreens absorb ultraviolet radiation. Popular chemical sunscreens are Avobenzone, Oxybenzone, Octisalate and Octinoxate.

Collagen and Elastin

They are protein fibers found in the skin cells that are responsible for skin structure and elasticity. Collagen supports the tissues of the skin and holds it firm and tense while elastin allows the skin to stretch and tense without breaking. As we grow old, the levels of collagen and elastin fibers decrease, resulting in the formation of wrinkles and fine lines.


They are special ingredients that help spread and keep other agents in the skin care product on the skin. They help lubricate the skin and protect the barrier function in the skin. They are located on top of the skin surface and fall into the moisture. In this way, analgesics help prevent dehydration.

Essential oils

Original herbs have a wide range of skin care products. They are often included in skin care products to provide a calming and stimulating feel to the skin. However, it is not advisable to use essential oils during pregnancy.


These are the ingredients that attract moisture to the skin and thus soften the skin's surface. Because they help keep the skin moisturized, they are effective in reducing the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines that result from dehydration.


This term is used to describe ingredients that are not or are less likely to cause allergic reactions to the skin.


Available in all layers of epidermis, this protein fiber protects the skin against a range of stressors. Hard keratin is found in hair and nails. In fact, the epidermis consists of 95% dead keratinocytes. That is why it is necessary to exfoliate the skin regularly to scrape the dead layer and reveal the fresh new skin cells below.

Free radicals

Aggressive oxygen atoms that have lost an electron and are therefore unstable. They must then look for an electron from other atoms, which can cause a damaging cascade effect.


This is a common term used for skin care products that do not block the skin's pores or cause comedones.

Open Comedones / Closed Comedones

Open comedones are whiteheads while closed comedones are blackheads. They are a result of the accumulation of dirt and debris in the skin's pores and subsequent blockage of the same.

Physical sunscreen

These sunscreens reflect and spread the sun's UV rays as they reach the skin surface. Physical sunscreen products are suitable for people with sensitive skin. Common ingredients in physical sunscreen are titanium dioxide and zinc oxide.


They are the artificial preservatives used in skin care products to extend durability. Although they are important to prevent the development of microorganisms in skin care products, they may be harmful to the skin. It is not advisable to use products containing a high concentration of parabens. However, minor concentrations of the same are safe.

Stratum comeum

This is the utmost layer of skin. Skin cells formed in the deeper layers of the skin take about 28 days to reach the stratum corneum. The cells in this layer are all dead and require exfoliation to be cleared. But even if the cells are dead, they form the first defense for our skin. They prevent water loss and protect the skin from environmentally hazardous substances and UV rays.


These ingredients help reduce the surface tension between skin and skin care products that you apply and make it possible to spread better.

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